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Exam Number : CTFL
Exam Name : Certified Software Tester - Foundation Level (CSTFL)
Vendor Name : GAQM
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CTFL Exam Format | CTFL Course Contents | CTFL Course Outline | CTFL Exam Syllabus | CTFL Exam Objectives


Exam Specification: CTFL Certified Software Tester - Foundation Level (CSTFL)

Exam Name: CTFL Certified Software Tester - Foundation Level
Exam Code: CSTFL
Exam Duration: 2 hours
Passing Score: 65%
Exam Format: Multiple-choice questions
Exam Delivery: In-person or online proctored exam

Course Outline:

1. Introduction to Software Testing
- Understanding the importance of software testing
- Exploring the role and responsibilities of a software tester
- Overview of different software testing techniques and methodologies

2. Software Development Lifecycle and Testing
- Understanding the software development lifecycle (SDLC)
- Examining the different phases of the SDLC and their impact on testing
- Testing activities and deliverables in each phase of the SDLC

3. Test Design Techniques
- Understanding the different test design techniques (e.g., equivalence partitioning, boundary value analysis, decision table testing)
- Applying test design techniques to create effective test cases
- Test coverage criteria and measurement techniques

4. Test Management and Execution
- Test planning, estimation, and prioritization
- Test execution, logging, and reporting
- Test automation and its benefits

5. Defect Management
- Identifying and reporting defects
- Defect lifecycle and management processes
- Root cause analysis and defect prevention techniques

6. Test Tools and Environments
- Introduction to different types of testing tools
- Test environment setup and configuration
- Use of test management and defect tracking tools

Exam Objectives:

1. Understand the importance of software testing and the role of a software tester.
2. Apply software testing techniques and methodologies.
3. Apply test design techniques to create effective test cases.
4. Plan, estimate, and prioritize testing activities.
5. Execute tests, log and report test results.
6. Identify, report, and manage defects.
7. Utilize testing tools and set up test environments.

Exam Syllabus:

Section 1: Introduction to Software Testing (15%)
- Importance of software testing
- Role and responsibilities of a software tester
- Software testing techniques and methodologies

Section 2: Software Development Lifecycle and Testing (20%)
- Software development lifecycle (SDLC)
- Testing activities and deliverables in each phase of the SDLC
- Impact of SDLC phases on testing

Section 3: Test Design Techniques (20%)
- Different test design techniques
- Application of test design techniques to create test cases
- Test coverage criteria and measurement techniques

Section 4: Test Management and Execution (20%)
- Test planning, estimation, and prioritization
- Test execution, logging, and reporting
- Test automation and its benefits

Section 5: Defect Management (15%)
- Defect identification and reporting
- Defect lifecycle and management processes
- Root cause analysis and defect prevention techniques

Section 6: Test Tools and Environments (10%)
- Introduction to testing tools
- Test environment setup and configuration
- Test management and defect tracking tools

The exam specification, course outline, exam objectives, and exam syllabus provided above are fictional and based on the given exam code. The actual specifications may vary, and it is recommended to refer to the official ISTQB (International Software Testing Qualifications Board) documentation or the exam provider for the most accurate and up-to-date information.



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Add Text Box to PDF using free software and online tool on Windows 11/10

In this article, we will show you how to add a text box to PDF using a free software and an online tool on Windows 11/10. If you need to add some important note to your PDF file, then the options covered in this post will be very helpful. You can select a few words, an entire line, or a sentence to add a text box to your PDF document.

The tools we are using to add a text box to a PDF document in this post are:

  • Foxit PDF Reader
  • iLovePDF.
  • Let’s check both of these tools.

    1] Foxit PDF Reader

    Add Text Box to PDF

    This is a free and popular PDF Reader software. Foxit PDF Reader also comes with a paid version but the free version also offers good features. It provides a free trial of the paid version for up to 14 days at the time of installation but you can skip this step at the time of installation.

    The free version of Foxit PDF Reader lets you add a text box to your PDF files. To do this, follow the steps given below:

  • Open the Foxit PDF reader interface
  • Access the File menu, then Open, and click on the Computer option
  • Now, click on the Browse button and select a PDF file to open it in the Foxit PDF Reader
  • After opening the PDF file, select the Home tab
  • Now, use the Typewriter option.
  • After doing this, click anywhere on your PDF file. A text box will appear on your screen. Now, start typing. When you select the text box, you will see blue dots on its edges. Drag the text box with these dots to change its size.

    To change the properties of the text written inside the text box, click on the vertical slider on the right side to open the text editing pane. Now, you can change the text style, text color, make your text bold, italic, underline, etc.

    When you are done, access the File menu, and use the Save As option to save the PDF file. You can download Foxit PDF Reader from foxit.com.

    Read: Add watermark to PDF using free online tools or software for Windows PC

    2] iLovePDF

    iLovePDF

    iLovePDF is a free online PDF editor tool that you can use to add text boxes to your PDF files. You can access this tool from ilovepdf.com. After opening its homepage, click on the Select PDF file button to upload a PDF file from your PC to its server. You can also upload a file from your Google Drive and/or Dropbox account.

    After uploading the PDF file, click on the Add text button on the toolbar. As you click on this button, a text box will appear on your PDF document. Now, you can type some text of your choice inside the given box. You can also resize the text box. This online tool also helps to change the text style, text size, making the text bold, italic, underline, etc.

    When you are done, click on the Edit PDF button. After that, it will process the changes, and then finally you can download the output PDF with the text box. You can also upload the output PDF file to Google Drive and/or Dropbox. In addition to this, you can also share the link to your PDF file. The shared link will remain active for up to 2 hours. After that, your PDF file will be deleted from their server.

    I hope this helps.

    How do I create a PDF file on my laptop?

    If you want to create a PDF file on your Windows 11/10 laptop or desktop, then it can be done using a third-party PDF Editor software. There are both paid and free PDF Creator software for Windows PC. If you do not want to install software on your system, you can also use some free online tools to create PDF files.

    How can I edit a PDF for free?

    To edit a PDF file, you can use a PDF Editor software or an online tool. Most of the PDF Editor software are paid. Therefore, you can use free online tools (like PDF24 Tools, Smallpdf, etc.) to edit your PDF files. After editing your PDF files, you can download them on your system.

    Read next: Top PDF tips and tricks with Adobe Acrobat.

    add text box to pdf

    Best PDF Editors Of 2024

    Forbes Advisor India reviewed 60 PDF editing software providers, and scored them across 19 parameters to rate them on a scale of 1 to 5. We’ve evaluated their pricing, refund policy, customer support and reviews, device support, availability of PDF editing features such as watermark, PDF converter, protection measure, and general editing features to come out with the final scores.

    General Backup Features

    A PDF editing software must be able to annotate, organize, batch, compress, combine, create, convert, and include features such as sign documents, password protection, to name a few. Optical character recognition (OCR) and watermark were also considered as a general feature.

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    An extra scoring was given to PDF editing software providers that support devices including macOS, Windows, iOS, and Android. An extra scoring was given to availability of cloud storage, as well as flexibility to add a number of users per plan.

    Free Plan, Premium Pricing and Moneyback Guarantee

    A free plan may help many users to get accustomed with using PDF editing software tools, and upon satisfaction opt for premium plans, either subscription based or for lifetime purchase. A moneyback guarantee, and free trial options would help users to cancel subscriptions if they aren’t satisfied with the service.

    Customer Support, Reviews

    Scoring was also based on user experience and feedback posted on third-party review sites such as TrustPilot. Availability of tutorials to use editing tools, phone, email, live chat, community forum, and ticket support, and importantly their response time to resolve customer queries were given an extra scoring.


     


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    ISTQB CTFL Practice Test Questions and Answers, ISTQB CTFL Exam Dumps - Killexams

    All ISTQB CTFL certification exam dumps, study guide, training courses are Prepared by industry experts. PrepAway's ETE files povide the CTFL ISTQB - Certified Tester Foundation Level practice test questions and answers & exam dumps, study guide and training courses help you study and pass hassle-free!

    Fundamentals of Testing

    14. Independent Testing [CC]

    levels of independent testing. Parents always think the best of their kids. They are the most cute, well-behaved, polite, and funny kids on earth. Even if most of us think that this kid is the ugliest kid on earth, the same thing could happen with developers, and they could code. Developers sometimes do not see anything wrong with the code. Someone believes that they did invent a bug in the code. To make my point more clear, did it ever happen to you that you wrote a report or an email and you both read it several times, but after you sent it, someone could point out something wrong with your email? It happened to me a few times, actually.

    I wrote an email stating it with "Hell, sir" instead of "Hello, sir." I didn't notice this mistake until I got a call from my manager wondering what was wrong with me. For that reason, it's important that someone other than the author of the code test the software. Still, we do want the developer who built the software to test it and delete it. But we accept that the testing done by that individual cannot be assumed to be complete. Developers can test their own code, but it requires a mindset change from that of a developer trying to prove it works to that of a tester trying to show that it doesn't work.

    Therefore, we aim to have the software tested by someone who was not involved in the creation of the software and who has a low dependency on the software. This approach is called "test independence." The lower the dependency, the better. Here is a list of people who could test the software, listed in order of increasing independence.

    Those who wrote the code Members of the same development team Members of a different group independent test team. members of a different company. outsourcing testing consultancy Of course, independence comes at a price. Using an assessment consultant is much more expensive than testing Zabuarguamself. We will talk more about testing independence in the test management section from a different point of view. But for now, notice the sorted list of various testers by independence. One trick I've noticed in some exam questions is the use of word independence versus word dependence. For example, the developer has both high and low dependency.

    15. Developer - tester Communication [CC]

    Developer tester Communication now, how can you tell Abeyancethat there is something wrong with your kids? You must say it as diplomatically as possible. This is exactly how we should communicate with Kate and the developers. Take it easy on them. After all, it's their kid after all. We all need to focus on good communication and work on team building. Testers and developers are not enemies, but they are a team working together with the same goal: delivering better-quality software. Communication problems may occur, particularly if testers are seen only as messengers of bad news about defects. If errors, defects, or failures are communicated in a constructive way, bad feelings between the testers and the rest of the project team can be avoided.

    This applies to defects found during reviews as well as testing. However, there are several ways to improve communication and relationships between testers and others. Emphasize that the goal is to work together rather than go into useless battles. Keep the focus on delivering a quality product. Communicate findings on the product in a neutral, fact-focused way without criticising the person who created it. This is what we mean by communicating objectively rather than subjectively. Concentrate on the object of the action, which is software, and not the subject of the action, which is a developer. Try to understand how the other person feels and why they act as they do. There is a chance that it would be the best of mistakes. After all. At the end of any discussion, confirm that the other person has understood what you have said, and vice versa.

    16. The Psychology of Testing [CC]

    I used to dislike getting bugs because of the psychology of testing myself. My heart beats so hard when I get inspiration about a new bug. A new bug means bad news for me. It also means working extra hours or even losing the weekend till I fix this bug. I hated getting bugs, even though I enjoyed fixing them. But that's another issue.

    After working at Apple as a developer, I wanted to work with a more professional development team, including all aspects of developers, testers, reviewers, managers, and so on. I learned there that it's much better to get a bug report from a colleague than from a user. At Apple, a bug report from a user means that the whole world on the internet is talking about your bug and how it destroyed their lives. It boosts my ego greatly when a bug appears on the development team's end rather than the customer's.

    After that, I really encouraged testers to find more bugs for me. I encourage them by giving them pointers on how to test my code and which areas I want them to focus on and go into greater detail on. I also learned new techniques for testing my own code and collaborated with developers and testers to create a higher-quality product. code My goal as a developer was to create functional software. My accomplishment as a tester was to break the software before anyone else, especially the customer. So testing is seen by some as a destructive process, even though it's very constructive. Border risk management is similar to the automotive industry, where they have to distract a car by putting gadami in it and driving at 60 mph and hitting a wall just to ensure that passengers are safe after any accidents. Testers destroy software to build better-quality software. Testers bring bad news to coders.

    Your baby's ugly testers work under intense time pressure at the end of the project. And because of that, many times the testing duration has to be cut short to deliver early. Looking for failures in a system requires curiosity, professionalism, a critical eye, attention to detail, good communication with the development team, and experience on which to base your error guessing. Usually, when the developer tests his code, it's only to make sure that the software works. But the testers need to take a different view, a different mindset. What if it isn't? What could go wrong? Would it work under all circumstances? The developer's view of testing is to show that the system does what it should and doesn't do what it shouldn't.

    And the goal here is to show that the system is working. Success for the developer is achieved when the system works. That for us means easy test cases, but the end result will be the faults left in the system. The tester's point of view on testing is different. He's trying to show that the system does what it shouldn't or doesn't do what it should. The goal of the tester here is to find false. The tester's success is determined by whether the system fails. That means more difficult test cases for the tester. But the end result will be that fewer faults are left in the software. As an example, imagine we have a field in a form that accepts a value between 20 and 50. The developer might try ten below range, 40 within range, and 60 above range to test all cases.

    But the tester will think, "How can we enter 40 in the field and trigger the system to not accept that value?" The tester will also attempt to enter the field and convince the system to accept it. Can you think of something? Well, with the right mindset, developers are able to test their own code. But transferring this responsibility to a tester is typically done to help focus efforts and provide additional benefits, such as independent, fully trained, and professional testing resources.

    17. Code of Ethics [CC]

    Hi. We will continue with the last topic of this section, the code of ethics. Some might wonder why we need to have a code of ethics. We are going to assembly-test the software. So what kind of ethics do we need to have while testing the software? Actually, ITE created a code of ethics for all the software engineers. So they bought eight symbol points that each software engineer needs to take care of while practising his job. And we are going to talk in detail about each one of them. First, one for the public. What does it mean? Why do I need to take care of the public while testing the software? What role does the general public play in this? I achieve. It says software engineers shall act consistently with the public interest. Well, what does this mean? We shouldn't participate in testing a software that will cause harm to the public if we are going to test the software that is a virus, for example, which is a kind of harmful software. It's called a virus because of that, but it still needs somebody to test it. So testers should not be involved in testing such software. This is the first point.

    second point is that client and employer software engineers should act in a manner that is in the best interest of their clients and employers and is consistent with the public interest. This means that while we are going to test the software, if we find any way that will benefit our client or our employer, we should offer our advice in the best interest of the client and employer. For example, if we find a better approach to doing the testing that saves more money for the client, we should tell the client and/or the employer about it, and so on. So we will not hide anything from the client or employer that will help them or benefit them, or we will do anything for our sole interest against the interest of the client or employer.

    That makes sense. The software developed by software engineers is the third point product. The software engineers shall ensure that their products and related modifications meet the highest professional standards possible. This simply means that we, as software engineers, should apply all the latest techniques of testing. We shall do our best to test the software in the best possible way, meaning that we should always apply various techniques to release quality software. Fourth judgment: software engineers shall maintain integrity and independence in their professional judgment. My interpretation of this point is that we should always have integrity. Imagine having two clients. One of them knows nothing about software and nothing about software testing, and the other client knows exactly what software is, knows about test cases, knows about running scripts, and knows about different kinds of techniques for testing. In this case, we should treat the two clients consistently. We should treat them equally.

    We will not hide something or maybe do a very quick, lousy job for the client, who knows nothing about software, knowing that he will not recognise any fault that we might skip. And on the other side, we will not just put all our efforts into helping the client who knows about software just because he knows about software. In this case, we say we will always treat our clients the same way, whether they know software or not. Fifth-point management Software managers and leaders shall subscribe to and promote an ethical approach to the management of software development and maintenance. In any software project, there will be test managers, test leaders, quality managers, and quality assurance managers. Everyone should take an ethical approach to management. For example, they should always strive to meet the needs of their customers by developing software on time and within budget, as well as meeting the needs of all stakeholders. In Zabolic. Sixth point: software engineers must advance the integrity and reputation of their profession in the public interest.

    This assembly means that you will be the interface for all testers. So you should act in a way that will give a very good image of software testers to the public. So you should always do what's right, so that people will look at testers in general in a good way. Point number seven: Software engineers must be fair and supportive of their colleagues. Be nice to your colleagues; help your colleagues; support them if they need any assistance; and offer them any advice they might need to help them do a better job as testers. Last but not least, self-employed software engineers must engage in lifelong learning about the practise of their proficiency and promote an ethical approach to the practise of their proficiency.

    OK, so now you're a tester, you have a job, and you have a salary. Will that be it? No. You should always try to learn more and get certified, like you're trying to do right now in this course. Try to attend conferences, read books about software and software testing, read articles, and join forums. Join forums that will talk about the latest techniques in software and so on. This is your responsibility to yourself as a software tester. That will end our aid. Exam questions on this topic usually provide a situation and ask which binding from the code of ethics we followed or did not follow. Thank you.

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